Enteral feeding sets

Disete Enteral fepa

Disete Enteral fepa

Tlhaloso e Khutšoanyane:

Lisebelisoa tsa rona tsa ho fepa tse ka lahloang li na le mefuta e mene bakeng sa litokisetso tse fapaneng tsa phepo e nepahetseng: pompo ea mokotla e behiloeng, matla a khoheli a behiloeng, pompo ea spike le sete ea matla a khoheli, sekontiri se tloaelehileng le sa ENFit.

Haeba litokisetso tsa phepo e nepahetseng li kentsoe ka phofo kapa ka makotikoting, ho tla khethoa mekotla. Haeba litokisetso tse tloaelehileng tsa phepo e nang le metsi a libotlolo / mokotla, ho tla khethoa li-spike sets.

Lisebelisoa tsa lipompo li ka sebelisoa mefuteng e mengata e fapaneng ea pompo ea phepo ea Enteral.


Product Qaqileng

Lihlahisoa tsa Product

Product Qaqileng

Thepa

Sets ho fepa Sets

Tlanya

Mokotla oa khoheli

Pompo ea mokotla

Spike matla a khoheli

Pompo ea Spike

Khoutu

BECGA1

BECPA1

BECGB1

BECPB1

Bokgoni

300ml / 600m / 1200ml

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Boitsebiso

Paka ea bongaka PVC, DEHP-Free, Latex-Free

Sephutheloana

Pokello e le 'ngoe ea nyopa

Hlokomela

Molala o thata bakeng sa ho tlatsa le ho sebetsana habonolo, Phetoho e fapaneng bakeng sa khetho

√ Lisebelisoa tsa rona tsa ho fepa kahare li na le mefuta e mene bakeng sa litokisetso tse fapaneng tsa phepo: mokotla oa mokotla o behiloeng, matla a khoheli a behiloeng, pompo ea spike le sete ea khoheli e matla.
√ Haeba litokisetso tsa phepo e nepahetseng li kentsoe ka phofo kapa ka makotikoting, mekotla e tla khethoa. Haeba litokisetso tse tloaelehileng tsa phepo e nang le metsi a libotlolo / mokotla, ho tla khethoa li-spike sets.
Lisebelisoa tsa pompo li ka sebelisoa mefuteng e mengata e fapaneng ea pompo ea phepelo ea Enteral.

Tlhatlhobo ea sesosa le kalafo ea thibelo ea pompo ea phepo e kenang
Phepo e nepahetseng ke e 'ngoe ea mekhoa ea ho fa' mele oa motho limatlafatsi tse hlokahalang ka pampiri ea meno. Mekhoa e meholo e kenyelletsa ho fepa ka lipeipi le tsamaiso ea molomo. Ho fepa Tube hangata ho kenyelletsa nasogastric / mala tube, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, jejunostomy tube le Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy, jj phepo e nepahetseng e lumellana le boemo ba mmele ba mokuli, ts'epo ea mala e ea bolokoa, e ka thibelang phetisetso ea baktheria ea mala fokotsa monyetla oa tšoaetso. Mokhoa ona oa ts'ebetso o bonolo bakeng sa ho lekola, o bolokehile ebile o na le chelete, 'me o fumanoa ts'ebetsong ea bongaka. E sebelisoa haholo, empa ts'ebetsong ea ho fepa ka li-tube, e anngoeng ke lintlha tse fapaneng, e na le mathata a ho koala li-tube, ebe ho hlaha liketsahalo tse sa reroang tsa ho nona.
Ho ea ka setsebi, mabaka a ho koala tube ea phepo e nepahetseng ka har'a colon e tloaelehileng ke a latelang:

1. Lintlha tse amanang le Tube

Ho hloleha ho lokisa catheter hantle kamora ho phethola, ho baka hore karolo e pepesitsoeng e sothehe le ho mena; ho khohlela khafetsa, ho nyekeloa le pelo le ho hlatsa ho etsa hore phaephe ea phepo e tsoe molomong, 'metso kapa mala, e leng lintho tse tloahelehileng ho fepa ho koala ha tube. Phuputsong eo, ho fumanoe hore sekhahla sa ho koala ha lethopo la naso-mala se phahame ho feta sa tube ea nasogastric, e neng e nkuoa e amana le bophara bo nyane ba tube ea mala le bolelele bo bolelele ba mmele. . Kamora hore phaephe ea phepo e siuoe nako e telele, lebota le kahare la tube le ba thata ka lebaka la khoholeho ea meriana le tharollo ea limatlafatsi le ts'enyeho ea lero la tšilo ea lijo, e leng se etsang hore tharollo ea limatlafatsi e be bonolo ho leketlisa leboteng. Ntle le moo, infusion e emisitsoe nako e telele haholo, lebelo la infusion le lieha haholo, mme pampiri ea meno e ntša mali kamora ts'ebetso, e etsang hore mali a koale liphaephe.

2. Tharollo ea limatlafatsi

Khakanyo ea tharollo ea limatlafatsi e phahame haholo, lebelo la ho pompa le lieha haholo, tharollo ea limatlafatsi e na le selulose le lintlha tse ling li etsa hore tharollo ea limatlafatsi e be bonolo ho latela lebota le kahare la lumen, le fokotsang lebone mme le eketsa menyetla ea khanya thibelo. Boithuto bo bontšitse hore sekhahla sa phallo ea phepelo ea limatlafatsi ha se na phello e kholo ketsahalong ea ho koaloa ha li-tube, empa ho fumanoe ka bongaka hore ha hitara e sebelisoa ho futhumatsa tharollo ea limatlafatsi, haeba lebelo le le butle haholo, tharollo ea limatlafatsi e tla ba ho chesa haholo le ho theola sebopeho sa mmele. Thibela phala. Ntle le moo, nakong ea phepelo ea phepo ea phepo, tharollo ea limatlafatsi tse ka mpeng e ka 'na ea thibela pompo ea phepo ka lebaka la mokokotlo ka lebaka la ho khohlela ho matla, ho thimola, ho hlatsa le mabaka a mang.

3. Lebaka la mooki

Lebaka le ka sehloohong la ho koaloa ha pompo ea phepo ke hore mooki ha a pompe ka thata ho latela litlhaloso, kapa mokhoa oa ho phalla o fosahetse. Nakong ea ts'ebetso, baoki ba ne ba se na tsebo e khethehileng ea phepo e nepahetseng. Nakong ea ts'ebetso ea ho hlatsoa, ​​ba ne ba sa khone ho etsa ts'ebetso e fapaneng ho latela melaoana, mme nako ea ho hlatsoa e ne e ke ke ea laoloa ka nepo. Asiti le alkalinity ea ente li ne li fapane. Ha lithethefatsi li sa sebetsoe ka tsela e fapaneng, phaephe e tla koaloa. Haeba baoki ba sa khone ho etsa ts'ebetso e fapaneng hantle ho latela litaelo tsa ngaka, tlatsetso e sa reroang ea lithethefatsi bakeng sa ho fepa ka li-tube kapa ho se natse phepo e nepahetseng ea phepo ea li-tube, ho emisa ka mokhoa o sa reroang nakong ea ho kenya tharollo ea limatlafatsi le hona ho ka eketsa menyetla ea blockage ea tube. .

4. Lisosa tsa mamello

Mokuli ha a na tsebo e nepahetseng ea booki, 'me o sitoa ho itlhokomela le ho hlokomela booki ka nako e nepahetseng. Mohlala, bakuli ba emisa ho pompa tharollo ea limatlafatsi ba le bang ka mabaka a fapaneng.
Ho arabela mabaka a kaholimo a ho koala pompo ea phepo e nepahetseng, re ka nka mehato e latelang ea thibelo:

Khetha tharollo e nepahetseng ea limatlafatsi ho latela boemo ba mokuli

Ha o ntse o kenya tharollo ea limatlafatsi, leka ho khetha sehlahisoa se nang le mohopolo o tlase. Haeba o batla ho kenya tharollo ea limatlafatsi ka mohopolo o phahameng, o lokela ho e hlapolla pele oe enta. Pele moriana o sebelisoa, sethethefatsi se lokela ho sisinngoa. Nakong ea ts'ebeliso, haeba sesebelisoa sa limatlafatsi se koalehile, se lokela ho sisinngoa hape. Ts'ebetsong ea ente ea lithethefatsi, e ke ke ea tsoakoa le lithethefatsi tse ling ho thibela liphetoho tsa lik'hemik'hale hore li se ke tsa etsahala, ho baka ho fokotseha ha botsitso ba ntho le pula ea limatlafatsi [4].

Khetho e utloahalang ea phepelo ea phepo ea phepo e nepahetseng

Haeba mokuli a sa khone ho ja lijo ka molomo, boemo ba mokuli bo lokela ho hlahlojoa, sebopeho sa masapo a mokuli se lokela ho hlahlojoa, 'me botenya bo nepahetseng ba phaephe bo lokela ho khethoa ho thibela ketsahalo ea thibelo ea lipeipi. Lebitso, bolelele, jj. Ea pompo ea mokuli ea phepo e lokela ho hatisoa, 'me tube e lokela ho nkeloa sebaka ka nako ho thibela tube hore e se ke ea sebelisoa kamora ho kobeha ho tebileng le ho fetoha [4].

Leka ho sebelisa enteral ho fepa lipompo le pompo e tšoanang setes

Leka ho sebelisa pompo ea phepo e nepahetseng, taolo ea lebelo e nepahetse, alamo e iketsahallang haeba ho ka koaloa lipeipi, li le bonolo, li potlakile, li nakong ebile li sebetsa hantle. Ts'ebeliso ea sethala se kenang sa infusion se tla fokotsa ka nepo mosebetsi oa booki le ho qoba letoto la likotsi tsa ho koala li-tube tse kang ho lieha ho phalla le ho sotha mothapo o bakoang ke ho emisoa ha phepo e nepahetseng ka lebaka la ho tsoha ha mokuli betheng. Mokhoa ona ke o latelang: lokisa pompo ea phepo phepong e kenang e kenang, sebelisa matla a AC ha mokuli a robetse betheng, 'me u netefatse hore matla a betri a sebetsa ka mokhoa o tloaelehileng ha a tsoha betheng [1].

Matlafatsa thuto ea bophelo bo botle ba basebetsi ba booki

Matlafatsa mohopolo oa boikarabello ba basebetsi ba baoki, ela hloko koetliso ea litsebi tsa baoki ba banyenyane, 'me u tsoele pele ho ntlafatsa boleng ba botsebi le tsebo ea tšebetso ea litsebi. Lumella basebeletsi ba booki ho ba le tlhokomeliso ea liphaephe tse thibelang thibelo le ho nka bohato ba ho etsa liteko khafetsa ho qoba moroalo oa moruo le litlamorao tse bohloko tsa bakuli tse bakiloeng ke kalafo e liehang [1]. Bakeng sa ho thibela ka nepo ho koaloa ha pompo ea phepo, pele tharollo ea limatlafatsi e kenoa, litharollo tse fapaneng tsa limatlafatsi li lokela ho hlahlojoa, 'me mekhoa e nepahetseng ea ho lokisa lipeipi e lokela ho sebelisoa ho netefatsa hore phaephe e sebelisoa maemong a nolofalitsoeng. Ho entoa ka pulse hape ho ka sebelisoa ho hlahisa vortex e nyane nakong ea ts'ebetso ea ho hohola ka lumen, e ka ntšang lintho tse hoketsoeng leboteng la tube ka nako.

Matlafatsa thuto ea bophelo bo botle ba bakuli

Basebetsi ba baoki ba lokela ho matlafatsa thuto ea bophelo bo botle ka phepo e nepahetseng, ho etsa litaelo tse khethehileng tsa bophelo bo botle, le ho lumella bakuli le malapa a bona ho utloisisa tsebo e nepahetseng le ho nka karolo ka mafolofolo. Bakeng sa bakuli ba hlokang tsebo ea bophelo bo botle, tlhokomelo e lekaneng e lokela ho fuoa lintlha tsa bona tsa kelello le tsa kelello. Pele o kenya ts'ebetsong phepo e nepahetseng, mekhoa ea bohlokoa, bohlokoa le ts'ebetsong ea phepo ea phepo e nepahetseng e lokela ho hlalosoa ka botlalo. Nakong ea ts'ebetso ea ts'ebetsong, hangata re buisana le bakuli ho utloisisa boits'oaro ba bona ba kelello le 'mele le ho fana ka tšehetso ea kelello. Ho ea ka boemo ba setso le bokhoni ba ho ithuta ba bakuli le ba malapa a bona, ho khethoa mekhoa e nepahetseng ho ntlafatsa cheseho ea bakuli le malapa a bona ho ithuteng, e leng se loketseng ho ntlafatsa boleng ba tlhokomelo ea phepo ea kliniki.

Ho fepa Nasal ea lithethefatsi

Ha o enta setlhare, e lokela ho siloa ka botlalo le ho siloa hore e be phofo, mme kamora hore e qhibilihe ka botlalo (e tlhotliloeng ka gauze ha ho hlokahala), e kenoa ka kotloloho. Hlatsoa lumen ka metsi a futhumetseng a 20ml pele le kamora 'ente ho thibela tharollo ea moriana le limatlafatsi hore e se kenelle ka har'a lumen le ho baka ho koala. Taelo ea tsamaiso ke: emisa tharollo ea limatlafatsi → ho rotha → tekanyo (mokelikeli oa metsi) → ho hlatsoa hape → ho qala hape tharollo ea limatlafatsi. Ha ho kgothaletswe hore o fane ka lithethefatsi ho tsoa ka har'a "tube" ea mala. Meriana e meng (joalo ka Losec, e netefalitsoeng ke kliniki hore e bonolo haholo ho thibela tube) e khothaletsoa hore e fanoe ka tube ea ka mpeng.

Masalla a masapo a fepang metsi a nko a fumanoang pheletsong e pepesitsoeng ea "tube" ea phepelo ke sesupo sa kotsi sa ho thibela tube.

Mekhoa ea kahlolo bakeng sa tube e koetsoeng: Thepa ea phepo ea mala ha e thibeloe, lijo ha li bonolo ho li enta, 'me ha ho mokelikeli o huleloang morao nakong ea phepelo. Haeba u sebelisa seringe ho khutlisa tlhahlobo ka bonolo mme ho ntse ho e-na le khanyetso, kapa haeba u kenya 20ml ea metsi a futhumetseng mme sekhahla sa phallo se ntse se sa boreleli, tube e koetsoe [3].

Bakeng sa thibelo ea catheter e etsahetseng, basebetsi ba rona ba baoki ba lokela ho tseba sesosa, ba utloisise mokhoa oa ho thiba, 'me ba khethe kalafo e nepahetseng. Mekhoa e sebelisoang khafetsa ea ho cheka e ka aroloa ka mekhoa ea 'mele le mekhoa ea lik'hemik'hale ho latela melao-motheo ea bona [4].

Mekhoa ea 'mele e kenyelletsa ho khumama hammoho le mokhoa o matla oa ho hula khatello le mokhoa oa ho chesa terata.

(1) Ho itlotsa hammoho le mokhoa o mobe oa ho hula khatello: Ha ho fumanoa hore tharollo ea limatlafatsi e koetsoe ka har'a phaephe ea limatlafatsi, tšela karolo eo kantle ho phaephe ea limatlafatsi, 'me ka nako e ts'oanang u sebelise ente ea 20ml ho pompa 10ml ea metsi a futhumetseng. Tlas'a tšebetso ea matla a kantle, lesela le khomarelang phaephe ea phepo e nepahetseng le oa 'me le huleloa ka ntle ho pompo ea phepo e nepahetseng tlasa khatello ea khatello. Ka nako e ts'oanang, seringe e sebelisetsoa ho kenya metsi a futhumetseng ka har'a pompo ea phepo ho ts'ehetsa phaepe, e phetoa makhetlo a 'maloa ho fihlela e sa thijoa. Mokhoa ona o sebelisoa haholo tleliniking, hobane tube ea nasogastric e kentsoe e sa teba mme karolo e pepesitsoeng e telele, ka hona e loketse haholoanyane. Leha ho le joalo, phaephe ea naso-mala e kenngoa ka hare 'meleng mme karolo e pepesitsoeng e khuts'oane, ho etsa hore ho be thata ho etsa mokhoa oa ho hohla.

(2) Mokhoa oa ho cheka terata ea tataiso: Kenya terata e tataisang ka har'a khanya ea pompo ea phepo, 'me u sebelise matla a mochini ho cheka pompo e koetsoeng ea phepo e nepahetseng. Hoa lokela ho hlokomeloa hore ho bakuli ba nang le nako e telele ea catheterization, matla a feteletseng a ka kenella ka har'a pompo ea phepo, a baka tšollo ea tharollo ea limatlafatsi esita le tšenyo ea tšilo ea lijo.

Mokhoa oa lik'hemik'hale o sebelisa lithethefatsi ho qhala thiba. Lithethefatsi tse sebelisoang hangata li kenyelletsa li-enzyme tse silang lijo le tharollo ea sodium bicarbonate.

(1) Qhala li-enzyme tse silang lijo ka metsing a futhumetseng 'me u tšele pompo e notlehileng ea limatlafatsi tlas'a khatello ka sering e nang le bophara bo nyane ba 10ml kapa ka tlase. Li-enzyme tse silang lijo haholo li sebelisa tšebetso ea ho sila lijo ea li-enzyme ho sila lijo tse koetsoeng ka har'a tube ea limatlafatsi ho li limolek'hule tse nyane ho notlolla tube ea limatlafatsi. Tharollo ea 5% ea sodium bicarbonate ke tharollo ea alkaline, 'me likarolo tsa mantlha tsa tharollo ea limatlafatsi tse kenang ke maltodextrin, casinine, oli ea limela, liminerale, lecithin, livithamini le lintlha tsa morao, tse bontšang asiti e fokolang, 5% ea sodium bicarbonate Tharollo e ka fokotsa tse ling tsa asiti dintho le ho qhala metsoako e kang lecithin. Lingoliloeng li na le litlaleho tsa hore pula e bakoang ke lithethefatsi e ka fetoloa le bahanyetsi (sodium bicarbonate, hydrochloric acid) ho khutlisetsa maemo a leholimo boemong bo qhalaneng. Phuputso e fumane hore pompo e koetsoeng ka ho felletseng ea phepo e chekiloe ka tharollo ea 5% ea sodium bicarbonate. Metsotso e 10 e ka lokolla tharollo ea limatlafatsi e kenang ka har'a tube ea limatlafatsi e bolelele ba cm 2-3, mme metsotso e 20 e ka lokolla leqhoa la phepo ea phepo ka har'a tube ea limatlafatsi e bolelele ba 4-5 cm. Leha ho le joalo, ha ho na phello ea tokollo ha e pepesetsoa metsing a futhumetseng ho 50°C metsotso e 20. Phokotso ea mokhoa ona ke hore boholo ba ho koala ha pompo ea phepo e nepahetseng litsing tsa kliniki ho etsahala qetellong ea distal, ka hona ho thata ho fihlella moriana oa metsi o kentsoeng.

(2) Kaha tharollo ea sodium bicarbonate e na le phello e itseng ea ho qhibiliha tharollo ea phepo le kristale ea lithethefatsi, lefapha la rona le khetha tharollo ea sodium bicarbonate joalo ka moriana oa ho hlakola mothapo o nang le limatlafatsi. Bakeng sa methapo e sa koaloang ea phepo e nepahetseng, tharollo ea sodium bicarbonate e sebelisoa ka kotloloho ho e etsa hore e se ke ea thijoa, 'me methapo e thibileng ka ho felletseng ea phepo e sebelisa methapo ea katoloso ea methapo. Hangata methapo ea katoloso ea methapo e sebelisoa kalafo ho kenya lithethefatsi lipompong tse kenang methapong. Boitsebiso bo bonolo ebile bo thata ka mokhoa o itseng. Ho bonolo ho kenya ka har'a tube ea phepo e nepahetseng ntle le kotsi ea ho senya tube ea phepo e nepahetseng. Kamora ho khaola sefahleho sa moriana o metsi, bolelele ke 128cm mme bophara ba kantle ke 2.1mm. E ka sebelisoa mefuteng le litlatsetsong tsa li-tubes tsa phepo ea Baitong tse sebelisoang haholo ho baithuti ba pele. Kamora hore tube ea katoloso ea venous e fihle sebakeng se thibetsoeng, kenya metsi a futhumetseng ho tsoa ho tube ea katoloso ho hlatsoa lumen ho tsoa kahare ho ea kantle, e ka thibelang leqhubu ho oela leboteng ha le tsoa ka ntle ho ea kahare mme la eketsa kotsi ea thiba ea li-tube tsa limatlafatsi. Ho feta moo, kaha setlhare se ka sebetsa ka kotloloho karolong e koetsoeng, nako e hlokahalang ea ho qhaqha thibelo e khutsufalitsoe. Ts'ebeliso ea bongaka e paka hore phello e kopaneng ea methapo ea katoloso ea methapo le tharollo ea sodium bicarbonate e khutsufatsa nako e hlokahalang ea ho qhala thiba, mme e na le polokeho e phahameng le phello e totobetseng. Tšebelisong ea bongaka, tlhokomelo e lokela ho lefuoa ho: hobane tharollo ea sodium bicarbonate ke alkaline, chelete e kenngoeng ka har'a tšilo ea lijo ha ea lokela ho ba ngata haholo. Hang ha phaephe ea phepo e nchafalitsoe, e ka hlatsuoa ka metsi a futhumetseng khafetsa ho khothaletsa lerako le setseng la tube. morero. Ha palo ea ho ntša metsi e le kholo, ela hloko botsitso ba acid-base ea mokuli, 'me ka nako e ts'oanang ela hloko hore na mokuli o na le bothata ba mpa le bothata ba mpeng.

Phepo e kenang kahare e ke ke ea fana feela ka phepo e hlokahalang bakeng sa bakuli le bakuli ba kulang haholo kamora ho buuoa ka pampiri ea meno, empa hape e kenya tšebetsong sisteme ea methapo ea methapo ea methapo, ho khothaletsa mala a methapo le kholo ea mucosal, ho boloka sesole sa 'mele sa' mele le lisele tsa lebota la mala , ka tsela eo ho boloka boits'ireletso ba mmele. Phepo e nepahetseng ke mokhoa oa bohlokoa oa kalafo. Ho thibela le ho kenella ho thijoa ha phaephe ea phepo ke eona ntho ea mantlha e tlang pele mosebetsing oa rona oa booki. Mosebetsing oa booki oa kliniki, re tlameha ho ela hloko lisosa tsa thibelo ea li-tube tsa limatlafatsi, le ho etsa mehato e shebiloeng, ho fokotsa sekhahla sa mathata a mokuli, ho ntlafatsa khaello ea phepo e nepahetseng le ho ntlafatsa katleho ea bongaka.

Mabapi le lisebelisoa - lisebelisoa tsa rona ntle le DEHP

1.The plasticizer DEHP ha e hokahane le sebopeho sa limolek'hule sa PVC ka tlamo ea lik'hemik'hale, 'me ho bonolo ho e qaqisa ho tloha boitsebisong ho kena mokelikeli ha e kopana le metsi kapa mokelikeli o qhibilihang mafura.
2.DEHP e na le likotsi tse ka bang teng joalo ka lefu la kankere le chefo ea ho ikatisa. Linaha tse ngata lefatšeng li thibetse ts'ebeliso ea DEHP lihlahisoa tsa bongaka.
3.Sete ea phepelo e kenang e sebelisoa e sebelisa polasetiki e ncha, e nang le pula e fokolang 'me e ke ke ea bokellana' meleng. E kopana le litekanyetso tsa sehlahisoa sa bongaka 'me e loketse bakuli ba phepo e nepahetseng.

Enteral feeding sets (1)

Mokotla o khoheli o behiloeng

Enteral feeding sets (1)

Pompo ea mokotla

Enteral feeding sets (1)

Spike matla a khoheli a behiloeng

Enteral feeding sets (1)

Spike pompo sete

Phapang ea mmala oa sehlahisoa

'Mala oa phepelo ea "Enteral" e lahloang e pherese / putsoa. Phala e pherese / putsoa ho hlakile hore e fapane le mothapo o kenang methapong ho thibela likotsi tse patehileng tsa bongaka tsa ts'ebeliso e mpe ea litokisetso tsa ho kena methapong.

Enteral feeding sets (4)
Enteral feeding sets (3)
Enteral feeding sets (2)

Morero o qaqileng oa bokhabane

Ela hloko likarolo tsohle tsa ts'ebeliso ea bongaka
Sebopeho sa nale se tataisang moea, tšebelisano e matla, khokahano e potlakileng le litokisetso tse fapaneng tsa mokelikeli, ha ho hlokahale hore u sebelise nale ea tataiso ea moea, lesoba la tataiso ea moea le hoketsoeng ka sefahleho sa moea ho thibela tšilafalo ea moea 3-2. Bolelele ba phaephe e kaholimo bo arotsoe ka mefuta e 'meli: 95 cm le 75cm, tse loketseng mofuta oa seporo sa leholimo le mofuta oa mokatong o ka tlase ka ho latellana 3-3. Theipi e tlase e na le sehokedi sa maemo a machabeng sa mefuta e meraro (Y-mofuta), se loketseng ho ts'oara kapa ho hlatsoa tube 3-4. Mohokahanyo oa boholo ba li-tube tsa ho fepa tsa trapezoidal o ka fumaneha, o loketse ho hokela methapo e fapaneng ea ho fepa e fapaneng ka bophara.


  • E fetileng:
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